The utilization of medical equipment in clinics and hospitals is of the utmost significance. Medical professionals, like doctors, can assess a patient’s medical requirements with the help of equipment. Consequently, to appropriately assist and treat the patient, it is essential to comprehend the various types of medical equipment that are available, their distinct functions, and their coherence in operation.
Medical supplies and equipment are getting more and more diverse by the day. There are numerous subcategories of medical supplies and equipment, but the most important ones are: electronic, surgical, diagnostic, and durable medical equipment (DME), as well as acute care, storage, and transportation
The equipment used to diagnose, monitor, or treat patients in a variety of healthcare departments is referred to as an “armamentarium,” and it is also known as medical or hospital equipment. The creation of cutting-edge, feature-rich medical equipment facilitates a patient’s disease recovery. There are a few fundamental categories of hospital equipment:
1) Diagnostic Tools
Diagnostic equipment is any tools or equipment used to diagnose, test, or screen for health conditions. This group includes thermometers, sphygmomanometers, stethoscopes, MRI machines, and X-ray machines. The first task of a doctor is to make a correct diagnosis; without it, a healthcare professional cannot effectively treat a patient. The diagnosis, treatment, and care of any disease or injury are the goals of hospitals, which are health care centers. The market offers a wide variety of diagnostic tools that are easily accessible. Heart disease can be identified using a CT scan. Orthopedic and other ailments can be scanned with the help of an X-ray machine.
2) Medical Equipment
Therapeutic medical equipment is one of many types of medical equipment that can used to treat patients. Electrotherapy, ultrasound, laser therapy, and magnetotherapy equipment are all components of physiotherapy and are made with high-tech materials. Patients with various types of swelling and wounds related to disease states such as diabetes and lymphedema must rely on therapeutic medical products to both prevent and treat wounds.
3) Instruments for Surgery
The accuracy, continuity, and high-quality surgical instruments used during a procedure are critical to its success. The variety of surgical instruments can broke down into six functional categories. They are:
- Instruments for Cutting
During surgery, cutting instruments like the bone chisel, dissecting knife, tenotomy scissors, and the bone cutter used.
- Instrument Holding or Grasping
The surgical pizzette, forceps for dissection, forceps for tissue, and needle holder are all examples of instruments that can grasped or held.
- Forceps for Hemostasis
Hemostatic forceps, also known as mosquito forceps, Kelly forceps, and Kocher forceps, instrument used to halt blood flow during surgery.
With the help of these instruments—the nerve hook, the obstetrical hook, the goblet retractor, and the skin hook—a surgeon can either actively separate the edges of a surgical wound or incision.
- Distractions and Clamps
The towel forceps and towel clamps are excellent examples of this category of instruments.
- Implants and Accessories
Implants and accessories include the dilator, cannula, surgical needle, sterilization tray, and many more.
4) Medical Supplies that Last
Durable medical equipment includes wheelchairs, commodes with raised toilet seats, walkers, and power-driven vehicles that enhance patients’ quality of life. Iron lungs, oxygen tents, nebulizers, catheters, and hospital beds also included. Durable medical equipment can keep patients safe for a long time.
5) Medical Apparatus
Biomedical test equipment used in hospitals to determine whether various medical equipment’s accurate measure flow cannot replace. These analysis tools have used to accurately measure oxygen, air, and nitrous oxide pressure and flow in oxygen concentrators, ventilator testing, and anesthesia gas delivery devices. Medical equipment upkeeps the job of a biomedical equipment technician (BMET), primarily employed by hospitals.
6) Treatment Equipment
Any medical instrument or device intended to treat a specific condition considered treatment equipment. It addresses any abnormalities and restores function to the affected organs or tissues within the body by utilizing cutting-edge technology. This may also include the surgical supplies that made to treat certain conditions that call for surgery.
The following are typical examples of medical treatment equipment found in clinics and hospitals:
- Infusion Pumps: This kind of treatment apparatus is utilized in hospitals. It made to get medication, fluids, and other treatments into the patient’s bloodstream. In addition to intravenous infusions, this machine can also used for epidural or arterial infusions. Because it injects precisely controlled fluids into the patient’s system over a predetermined amount of time, this machine is dependable.
- ASIK Surgical Machines: The majority of LASIK procedures are used to treat eye conditions. It made to used on people who have myopia, hyperopia, or astigmatism.
- Lasers for Medical Purposes: The laser is a ground-breaking medical technology used to treat a variety of conditions. For use in clinical settings, it is a device that produces a wavelength of electromagnetic radiation. The energy level and pulse duration of these wavelengths vary. During treatment, the attending physician will choose these settings.
Meanwhile, the following items utilized in surgical procedures as treatment equipment:
Surgical caps, gowns, gloves, or glasses for the surgical team Surgical gauze and drapes for patients Life support equipment the term “life support equipment” refers to medical devices that designed to preserve a patient’s bodily function. It will be challenging for the patient’s organ systems to function independently without life support. In today’s medical field, there are a variety of life support devices, including the following:
During surgery, heart-lung machines, also referred to as cardiopulmonary bypass (CB) devices, temporarily act as a patient’s heart or lungs. It makes it easier for oxygen and blood to flow throughout the patient’s body. A type of extracorporeal circulation is what it called.
Medical ventilators are devices that move air that can breathed into and out of the lungs. It used to treat people who have trouble breathing or who can’t get enough oxygen to all parts of their body. Medical ventilators come in two varieties. A bag valve mask used to operate one. The second controlled by a computer. Patients in the intensive care unit or those receiving home care will use this machine.
Medical equipment used for neonatal intensive care includes incubators. It made to look like the kind of environment a newborn would be in. It frequently used with a few other pieces of medical equipment, like an oxygen hood and a ventilator.