Dementia is a complex and progressive condition that affects millions of people worldwide, and it can be particularly challenging when it begins to impact our ageing parents. One of the most common early indicators is forgetfulness, but not the occasional misplaced keys. Pay attention if short-term memory loss becomes frequent and impactful. Forgetting recent conversations, appointments, or even where they placed everyday items like their wallet or phone can be a cause for concern. Difficulty remembering recently learned information, like new names or recipes, is another red flag. Recognizing the early symptoms and signs of dementia is crucial for timely intervention and support. In this article, we will explore the subtle indicators that may signal the onset of dementia in parents, shedding light on what to look for and how to approach this delicate situation.

Understanding Dementia:

Dementia is not a specific disease but rather a collective term for a group of cognitive disorders characterised by memory loss, impaired thinking, and changes in behaviour. Alzheimer’s disease stands as the most prevalent form of dementia, though distinct types exist, each presenting unique characteristics.

Early Signs to Watch For:

Identifying the initial indicators of dementia is pivotal for prompt intervention and assistance. While everyone may experience occasional forgetfulness, consistent and noticeable changes in cognitive function may indicate the onset of dementia. 

Below are a few early indicators to be vigilant for:

1. Memory Loss:

One of the hallmark signs of dementia is persistent memory loss that disrupts daily life. This may manifest as forgetting important dates, repeating questions, or relying heavily on memory aids.

a.Short-term memory loss: This is the most common type, characterised by forgetting recent events, conversations, or information. Imagine misplacing your keys moments after putting them down or struggling to recall what you had for breakfast.

b.Long-term memory loss: This involves forgetting distant memories, often starting with the most recent ones and gradually progressing to earlier experiences. It’s like erasing pages from a cherished photo album, one by one.

2. Difficulty Performing Familiar Tasks:

Individuals in the early stages of dementia may struggle with tasks they once performed effortlessly. This could include challenges in cooking a familiar recipe or completing routine household chores.

3. Language and Communication Issues:

Dementia often affects an individual’s ability to communicate effectively. Look for signs such as difficulty finding the right words, repeating oneself, or struggling to follow and join in on conversations.

4. Confusion About Time and Place:

People with dementia may lose track of time, forget where they are, or have difficulty understanding dates and seasons. They might become disoriented even in familiar surroundings.

5. Difficulty Planning and Problem-Solving:

Struggling with tasks that involve planning and problem-solving, such as following a recipe or organising a schedule.Inability to concentrate or focus on tasks that were previously manageable.

6. Poor Judgement:

Impaired judgement is another early sign. This can manifest as making poor financial decisions, neglecting personal hygiene, or displaying uncharacteristic social behaviours.

7. Changes in Personal Hygiene:

Neglecting personal grooming and hygiene, such as not bathing regularly or wearing the same clothes repeatedly.Forgetfulness about basic self-care routines.

8. Changes in Mood and Personality:

Changes in mood and personality are common and often distressing symptoms of dementia. These changes can be just as impactful on daily life as the more well-known symptom of memory loss. 

9. Sleep Disturbances:

Changes in sleep patterns, including difficulty falling asleep, staying asleep, or sleeping excessively. Experiencing increased confusion or disorientation during nighttime hours.

10. Difficulty with Abstract Thinking:

Early signs may include challenges in dealing with abstract concepts, such as difficulty managing finances or understanding numbers.

Approaching the Situation:

Recognizing these early signs can be emotionally challenging, but it’s essential to approach the situation with sensitivity and empathy. Here are some steps to consider:

1. Open Communication:

Initiate open and honest conversations with your parents about the observed changes. Encourage them to share their feelings and concerns.

2. Seek Professional Evaluation:

Consulting with a healthcare professional for a thorough evaluation is recommended. Early diagnosis can help in better managing the condition and planning for the future. If you live overseas and you want professional care you can contact elder care services also.

3. Build a Support System:

Establish a support network for both your parents and yourself. This may include friends, family, and support groups that can provide emotional assistance and practical advice.

4. Educate Yourself:

Explore further about dementia, its advancement, and the accessible support resources. Understanding the condition empowers you to make informed decisions and provide better care.

5. Seek Support for Yourself:

Providing care for a parent with dementia can be emotionally demanding. Join support groups for caregivers or seek counselling to share experiences and receive guidance.

6. Respite Care:

Arrange for respite care to give yourself breaks. Taking care of your well-being is essential for sustaining quality care for your parents.

7. Stay Flexible:

Be prepared for changes in behaviour and needs. Adapt your approach as the disease progresses and be open to modifying routines and strategies.


In conclusion, recognizing the early symptoms and signs of dementia in parents is a crucial first step toward providing the necessary support and care. Embrace the support available through resources like dedicated organisations, caring professionals, and fellow travellers on this journey. Acknowledge the need for self-care as a caregiver, knowing that your well-being is vital for providing the best possible support. By being vigilant and proactive, you can ensure that your parents receive the appropriate medical attention and that your family is equipped to navigate the challenges that may lie ahead. Remember, early intervention can make a significant difference in the quality of life for both your parents and your family.

In the face of dementia, it’s essential to approach the situation with compassion and a commitment to preserving the dignity and well-being of your loved one. Together, with understanding and support, you can navigate this journey and provide the care and love your parents deserve.